East, Central and Southern Africa Health Community
Fostering Regional Cooperation for Better Health

Tanzania in the ECSA Health Community

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The United Republic of Tanzania is one of the founding members of ECSA HC in 1974. Since joining the ECSA health Community, Tanzania has hosted the Health Ministers Conference in 1980, 1984, 1988, 2001 and 2007. Tanzania has also held the chair of the Advisory Committee in 1978, 1979, 1996 and 2008.

The United Republic of Tanzania also holds the unique position of being the home of the ECSA Health Community Secretariat based in Arusha. Through the generous contribution of the government of the republic of Tanzania, the ECSA health community has been headquartered in Tanzania for the last three decades. In 2006, the government of Tanzania and other member states supported the acquisition and development of a new headquarters building for ECSA in the beautiful city of Arusha.
Apart from its continued support as host of the ECSA, the ministry of Health has consistently supported the activities and programmes of the ECSA Health community over the last three decades. Tanzania’s financial contribution to the ECSA Health Community has ensured that the secretariat functions continue to be executed in a timely manner in line with the resolutions of the Ministers of health.

All subsequent ministers of Health in Tanzania since 1974 have ensured that the country continues to share its experiences and challenges in implementation of various health programmes during ECSA forums such as the Directors expert committee, programme expert committees, the forums for best practice in health care and the annual ECSA Health Ministers Conference. Senior Ministry officials led by permanent secretaries have held various leadership roles in ECSA’s expert committees and played their part in ensuring the organization remains relevant, focused and responsive to the needs for the member countries.

1.0 Overview of key indicators
a. Socio-economic and Demographic
GDP growth rate.
Population dependency ratio (under 15 and over 65 years)
Life expectancy at birth (all gender)
Population growth rate
b. Maternal and Child Health & Family and Reproductive Health
Infant mortality rate per 1000 live births
THMIS 2008
Maternal mortality rate per 100 000 live births
Under five mortality rate per 1000 live births
THMIS 2008
Births attended by skilled health personnel
TDHS 2005
Contraceptive prevalence
TDHS 2005
Full immunization coverage amongst 1 year olds
ANC coverage (%) at least one visit
Unmet need for Family Planning
Total fertility rate
Tanzania in figures 2008
c. HIV/AIDS, TB and Malaria 
Adult (15-49) HIV prevalence
Condom use at last high-risk sex
PMTCT coverage
Tuberculosis prevalence per 100 000 population
Global TB Control 2008
Tuberculosis treatment success under DOTS
NTLP Annual Report 2008
% of pregnant women sleeping under an ITN
Annual Health Statistical Abstract 2006
d. Health Systems
General government expenditure on health as % of GDP
Out of pocket expenditure as a % of private expenditure on health
No. of doctors per 10 000 population
Tanzania Service Availability Mapping 2005/06
No. of nurses per 10 000 population
Tanzania Service Availability Mapping 2005/06
No. of health workers per 10 000 population
Client Satisfaction Rate
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