East, Central and Southern Africa Health Community
Fostering Regional Cooperation for Better Health
Kenya

Kenya in the ECSA Health Community

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Kenya has been an active member of the ECSA Health Community since 1974, having joined the organization as one of the nine founding members in 1974. Kenya has hosted the ECSA Conference of Health Ministers (the highest policy making organ of the ECSA Health Community) in 1975, 1991 and 2006. It has also held the chairmanship of the ECSA Advisory Committee in the years 1982, 1989, 2000, 2001, and 2006.

The steadfast support from the Ministry of Health (now Ministry of Public Health and Sanitation and Ministry of Medical Services) has ensured that Kenya has consistently supported the activities and programmes of the ECSA Health community over the last three decades. Kenya financial contribution to the ECSA Health Community has ensured that the secretariat functions continue to be executed in a timely manner in line with the resolutions of the Ministers of health. All subsequent ministers of Health in Kenya since 1974 have ensured that the country continues to share its experiences and challenges in implementation of various health programmes during ECSA forums such as the Directors expert committee, programme expert committees, the forums for best practice in health care and the annual ECSA Health Ministers Conference.

Senior Ministry officials led by permanent secretaries have held various leadership roles in ECSA’s expert committees and played their part in ensuring the organization remains relevant, focused and responsive to the needs for the member countries.

1.0 Overview of Key Indicators 

 

SOCIO-ECONOMIC AND DEMOGRAPHIC

     

Indicator

Value

Year

Sources

Total Population

46,050,000

2015

WHO Country profile

GDP Growth rate

5.6

2015

World Bank

Population dependency ratio (%) (<16 and over 65 yrs) (%)

81

2015

World Bank

Life expectancy at birth  (M/F)

61/66

2015

WHO Country profile

Population Growth rate

2.6

2015

World Bank

MATERNAL AND CHILD HEALTH

     

Infant mortality rate  per 1000 LB

39

2014

Kenya Demographic Health Survey

Maternal Mortality Ratio per 100 000 LB

362 [254-471]

2014

Kenya Demographic Health Survey

Under 5 mortality rate per 100 LB

52

2014

Kenya Demographic Health Survey

Births attended by skilled health personnel (%)

61.8

2014

Kenya Demographic Health Survey

Contraceptive prevalence

58

2014

Kenya Demographic Health Survey

Full immunization coverage

87

2014

Kenya Demographic Health Survey

ANC coverage

95.5

2014

Kenya Demographic Health Survey

Unmet need for FP

17.5

2014

Kenya Demographic Health Survey

Total fertility rate

3.9

2014

Kenya Demographic Health Survey

HIV/AIDS, TB and Malaria

     

Adult (15-49) HIV prevalence

5.9 [4.9-7.0]

2015

UNAIDS HIV estimates, Kenya

Condom use at last high risk sexual encounter

66.8

2014

Kenya Demographic Health Survey

PMTC coverage (%)

71

2014

Kenya AIDS response progress report

Mother-To-Child Transmission rate (%)

14

2013

Kenya AIDS response progress report

TB prevalence per 100 000 population

266

(142–427)

 

2014

WHO Country profile

TB treatment success rate (%)

86

2013

WHO Country profile

Malaria deaths per 100 000

5.1

 

WHO Country profile

HEALTH SYSTEMS

     

General government expenditure on health as % of GDP

5.7

2014

WHO Country profile

No. of doctors per 10 000 population

2.0

2013

WHO Global health Observatory

No. of nurses per 10 000 population

8.6

2013

WHO Global health Observatory

Client Satisfaction rate

74

2009

Client satisfaction Survey Report 2009

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